The NHS and technology companies are set to team up to use AI as a "new weapon" in research, according to a speech given by UK prime minister Theresa May.
According to BBC News, she said in her speech: "Late diagnosis of otherwise treatable illnesses is one of the biggest causes of avoidable deaths.
"And the development of smart technologies to analyse great quantities of data quickly and with a higher degree of accuracy than is possible by human beings opens up a whole new field of medical research."
Experts estimate AI could be used to tackle 22,000 cancer deaths a year by 2033, whilst also aiding the fight against heart disease, diabetes and dementia.
Cancer Research UK - a charity focused on helping to fund research for cancer treatments - says halving the number of lung, bowel, prostate and ovarian cancers diagnosed at an advanced stage could prevent thousands of deaths a year, and AI could help to diagnose those cancers at an earlier stage.
Sir Harpal Kumar, chief executive officer of Cancer Research, said: "We need to ensure we have the right infrastructure, embedded in our health system, to make this possible."
Whilst Simon Gillespie, chief executive at the British Heart Foundation, added: "Using artificial intelligence to analyse MRI scans could spot early signs of heart disease which may be missed by current techniques.
"This could lead to a quicker diagnosis with more personalised treatment that could ultimately save lives."